Antediluvian - Pre-Noah's-Flood period of time.
Euphemism - This is a way to describe something that is normally very offensive in a way that is less offensive.
Exegesis - Analysis of a text, including historical information, cultural background of the writer, intended audience, etc., in order to come to a better understanding of the significance or relevance of the text.
Expository - Expository text assumes the reader or listener does not have prior knowledge/understanding of the topic being discussed.
Gentile - Not Jewish.
Grace - Undeserved favor.
Heathen - Someone who hasn't heard the gospel. (Okay this isn't the accepted dictionary meaning but it best describes what is behind the term translated to "heathen" when used biblically)
Hermeneutics - (From Wikipedia) "Biblical hermeneutics is the study of the principles of interpretation concerning the books of the Bible."
Holy - Set apart.
Indignation - Anger at something unjust or wrong.
Iniquity - Gross immorality or injustice; wickedness.
Justification/justify - The process of making something right. To be made righteous. To be declared correct.
Patriarch - The male head of a family or tribe, such as Levi, who was the patriarch of the Levites.
Pragmatic - Accomplish something by any means.
Propitiation - Taking punishment on behalf of another.
Redeem/Redemption - (1) To free by paying a ransom; ransom payment; to buy up. (2) To be next of kin. (3) Deliverance. Making something good or right.
Repent - To turn away from. (implying that you are turnings towards something else…)
Righteousness - A state of being right. In all ways, in all things, at all times.
Sacrament - The means by which we take part in the life of Christ. In Catholicism, they are an outward sign of inward grace, such as baptism.
Saint - Someone set aside for Christ.
Sanctification - The process of being made pure or clean, to be made holy. The process of removing of our iniquities.
Supplication - Humble, earnest petition.